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a " Ut facilius veritas erueretur, pro maneriorum capacitate, pro numero colonorum, modo plures, modo pauciores, eligendos decrevimus artatos prsestita jusjurandi religione, quod ad interrogata nee verum supprimerent, nee assererent falsum scienter." p. 112 it is distinctly said that the Inquisition was made in twenty-two days, we must assume that the dean and his brethren had been staying at Kadendon when the Inquisition commenced, and that the period of twenty-two days' denotes the length of time actually occupied in the visitation after their leaving Kadendon. WITH AN INTRODUCTION, NOTES, AND ILLUSTRATIONS, BY WILLIAM HALE HALE, M. PAUL'S, LONDON IN THE TWELFTH AND THIRTEENTH CENTURIES.
The books we now possess may be regarded, as engrossed copies of the Inquisition of each Manor, written at leisure, and transcribed from the original minutes into a book. 94, " Isti tenent de terra assisa." It has been stated that the Exchequer Domesday supplies us with little information as to the relative extent of the Tenants' lands, and of the De- mesne, in the county of Essex ; the enumeration of the Carucae, or plough- teams, in the Demesne, and of the Carucae of the Homines, or Tenants, affording no certain clue to the acreage of the two portions of the manor. 125, we have renewed mention of these six Carucse in the demesne, with the addition of the number of oxen attached to them, and as being a part of the stock of this Manor leased to the lessee : " Restauramentum tale est : sex carrucae, de quinque unaquaeque x. The general form of the Inquisition, as respects the plough teams, is, " I)i- cunt quod potest fieri Wainagium cum totidem carucis totidem capitum cum consuetudinibus villatae." But as to the strength and composition of these teams there is much variety: " Potest fieri wainagium manerii cum duobus carucis viii.
to the fragment of the Domesday of Radulphus de Diceto, which is placed second in order, and is printed at page 109. It is probably a fragment of the Book B, belonging to St. The documents of the present volume exhibit to us in minute detail the various relations in which owners and occupiers of lands in England stood to each other in the middle of the 12th century, at the distance of not more than one hundred years from the Conquest; the fragment of the Domesday of Ralph de Diceto in 1 181 (see pages 109-11 7), and the leases of the manors (see pages 122-139) connecting the later documents with those of the earlier period, and the whole of them taken together proving most clearly, that from the middle of the 12th century to the be- ginning of the 14th no change took place in the general occupation of the country.
It being convenient to take notice of them in an order different from that in which they are placed in this volume, the Editor will first address the attention of the reader xii PREFACE. It consists of only two leaves, written in double column, upon a larger page and in a larger hand than the Domesday of 1222, but in the same character. The Manors of the religious houses were in reality secular possessions ; and their history, as shewn in the Domesdays of St. Paul's, is valuable as illustrating the social, rather than the religious, con- dition of the time.
It will facilitate the description of them to notice, First, " The Statuta Majora," from which has been extracted the Compotus Maneriorum et Firmarum, printed at p. This is a folio volume of the time of Dean Baudake, in the early part of the fourteenth century ; its title distin- guishes it from the Statuta Minora, as being a larger volume, and written in a larger hand, the contents of both being nearly the same. Paul's Domesday written in extenso, and the relations of landlord and tenant, briefly recorded in the older document, being in the later more fully explained. Paul's, in common with the other Manors of the kingdom, consisted of two distinct portions : the lands of the Demesne, and the lands of the Tenants.
This manuscript is preserved in the Bodleian Library (Rawlinson, B. The Editor is indebted for the transcript of it to his friend the Rev. Paul's, which will be found de- scribed below as the Great Register of Badulphus de Diceto. Paul's have supplied the other documents in this volume. Their chief value, however, will be found to consist in the retro- spective view which they enable us to take of antecedent periods, and to unite the state of society in the Anglo-Norman with that in the Anglo- Saxon times, the contracted character of the Exchequer Domesday being in the St.